INTRODUCTION: This study aims to measure some topographic points and distances in the neck and investigate the effect of these topographic measurements on operative duration and complication rate.
METHODS: This observational prospective study included 65 patients (38 males, 27 females; mean age 66.1±12.1 years; range 23 to 85 years) who were performed conventional open tracheotomy Haydarpasa Numune Training and Research Hospital between May 2012 and July 2014. Patients age, gender and weight (body mass index), duration of the procedure, and peri- and postoperative complications were recorded. Mentum (M)-suprasternal notch (SN) and cricoid cartilage (CC)-SN distances were measured with a measuring tape. Neck circumference was measured at the levels of CC and cricothyroid membrane.
RESULTS: Operative duration was significantly longer in obese patients compared to normal weight and overweight patients (p=0.002; p=0.026; p<0.05). Perioperative complication rate was significantly lower in normal weight patients than overweight and obese patients (p=0.004; p<0.01). There was a statistically significant inverse correlation between the CC-SN distance and operative duration (r=-0.431; p=0.001; p<0.01). M-SN distance was significantly shorter in patients with perioperative complications (p=0.003, p<0.01).
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: According to the study results, operative duration lengthens and perioperative complication rate increases as the weight increases and the neck length shortens.